Thrush bird oregon 13
The thrushes are a familyTurdidaeof passerine birds with a worldwide distribution. The family was once oregon tjrush before bird determined the subfamily Saxicolinae, which includes the chats and European robins, were Old World thrush. Thrushes are small to medium-sized ground living birds that feed on insects, other invertebrates and fruit. Some unrelated species around the world have been named after thrushes due to their similarity to birds in this family. Thrushes are plump, soft-plumaged, small to medium-sized birds, inhabiting wooded areas, and often feeding on the ground.
Many bats and birds rely heavily on fruits for their diet, including birds in the families CotingidaeColumbidaeTrogonidaeTurdidae, and Ramphastidae. While eating fruit, these animals swallow seeds and then later regurgitate them or pass them in their faeces.
Such ornithochory has been a major mechanism of seed dispersal across ocean barriers. Other seeds may stick to the feet or feathers of birds, and in this way may travel long distances.
Wood Thrush Identification, All About Birds, Cornell Lab of Ornithology
Seeds of grasses, spores of algae, and the eggs of molluscs and other invertebrates commonly establish in remote areas after long journeys bird this sort. The Turdidae have a great ecological importance because some populations migrate long distances and disperse the seeds of endangered plant species at thrush sites, helping to eliminate inbreeding thrrush increasing the genetic diversity of local flora.
Traditionally, the Turdidae included the small Old World species, like the nightingale and European robin in the subfamily Saxicolinae, thrussh most authorities now place this group in the Old World flycatcher family Muscicapidae.
Oregon family formerly included more species.
At the time of the publication of the third edition of Howard and Moore Complete Checklist of the Birds of the World inthe genera MyophonusAletheBrachypteryx and Oregob were included in Turdidae. The following genera have now been placed within Turdus :. Now usually considered a distinct family distantly related to Picathartes :. See list of thrush species for more detail. For other species previously in the Turdidae, see Muscicapidae and chats. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
This article is about birds in family Turdidae.
For the mouth disease, see candidiasis. Forshaw, Joseph ed. Encyclopaedia of Animals: Birds. London: Merehurst Press. Palermo: Self-published. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History.
Varied Thrush | Audubon Field Guide
Number London: Christopher Helm. February Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. October World Bird List Version 6. International Ornithologists' Union. This cavity-nesting thrush is one of three bluebird species found only in North America. Previously abundant in western Oregon, the Western bluebird suffered a precipitous decline through degradation of habitat and avian competition. The male has a cobalt blue head and throat, blue wings and tail edged with dusky brown, russet breast and flanks, gray-blue belly and undertail coverts.
Female colorations are subdued: head and throat gray, back gray-brown, wings and tail pale blue, breast and flanks pale russet. The amount and brightness of blue and russet are brighter on older birds.
Climate threats facing the Varied Thrush
The Western bluebird breeds in open habitats with suitable nest cavities and structures through forested mountains and patchily in wooded lowlands.
It is fairly common on the south coast and on the eastern slopes of the Coast Range foothills and other hills intruding the length bird the Willamette Valley.
It is common in the Rogue and Umpqua valleys and variably rare to locally fairly oregon east of the Cascades. It is mostly birx during breeding season from the high deserts of the southeast Oregon. The graceful short-distance flight of a bright male bluebird is a memorable sight. The Mountain bluebird haunts open country, providing an irreplaceable color note in the gray sagebrush landscape; particularly when in migration their brilliant blues thrush in the desert sun in startling contrast to the prevailing dull colors of most other birds.
Like other bluebirds, it readily accepts nest boxes.
Thrush (bird) - Wikipedia
This accessibility, along with its sky-blue color, have always endeared it to nature lovers and made oregon a favorite of many. In Oregon, it is a common breeder and transient east of the Cascade summit except in treeless expanses. West of the Cascade summit, bird breeds locally above 3, feet, and in higher elevations in the Siskiyou Mountains. It is a rare thrush uncommon migrant in the higher West Cascades and is uncommon in winter.
Hear the song of the Mountain bluebird.The haunting songs of the Varied Thrush echo through the dense humid forests of the Pacific Northwest. Long minor-key whistles repeated after deliberate pauses, they seem like sounds without a source; only a careful searcher will find the bird itself. Although it looks superficially like a robin, the Varied Thrush is far more elusive, usually feeding on the ground among dense thickets. Varied Thrush, Beaverton, Oregon, 27 March by Greg Gillson. Visiting birders to the Pacific Northwest often have Varied Thrush on their "target list" of bird species to see. Fortunately, this species is not rare, and are not difficult to find, if one knows where to look. Arguably the most widely recognized of Oregon's birds, the American robin is the largest, most abundant, and most widespread thrush in the state. Ranging from sea level to treeline, the robin's loud, musical voice and conspicuous brick-red chest make it unmistakable to even the most casual of observers.
The bold eye-ring, white outer rectrices, and intricate buff wing pattern distinguish this elegant gray thrush at thrush range. The scaly patterned brown juveniles are quite unique in appearance.
The complex oregon is varied, soft and flute-like at times, strong and powerful at others. The call carries well, and is a characteristic sound of the winter bird community in juniper woodlands east of the Thrush. It is a summer resident in the Coast Range.
It breeds in and near open coniferous forest stands, natural forest openings, burned areas, shelterwood cuts and clearcuts to the timberline. Hear bird song of the Townsend's solitaire. Oregon patient observer may get a fleeting glimpse of a small thrush with reddish brown upperparts, pale undersides, and a buffy upper thrueh with a few darker spots.
It is an uncommon breeder in lower to middle elevations oregon the Blue Mountains where sufficient riparian thickets exist for cover and forage needs. It is locally common along watercourses in Union, Wallowa, and east Umatilla counties, and less common in north and west Baker, Grant and Oregon counties. Although they are one of the most abundant breeding birds in forests and bird west of the Cascade crest, it can be difficult to thrush see Swainson's thrushes.
Drab plumage and the habit of sitting very still hides them from the eyes of would-be predators and birdwatchers alike, especially in the shrubby habitats they favor. However, the beautiful song thrush this minstrel compensates for a lack of colorful plumage.
During the longest days of summer, a chorus of liquid notes rising from the deep shadows each dawn and late afternoon reveals the actual abundance of this species in the conifer forests of western North America. It is a very common summer resident in conifer forests throughout the Coast and Cascade ranges except the southern Cascades in Jackson County. Hear the song of the Swainson's thrush.
Rather plain gray to brown with a spotted breast and reddish tail, the unobtrusive Hermit thrush blends well with the dappled bird of the forest understory.
Bluebirds and Thrushes | Oregon Department of Fish & Wildlife
It is famous for its sweet, clear, musical song. In includes three or four passages, separated by considerable intervals at higher or lower pitch, but bird opens with a flute-like note that gives the performance the effect of a chant of bird music. In Oregon, during migration and in winter, Hermit thrushes may be found in some residential areas that have dense stands of shrubs, particularly thrush producers, and conifers.
Arguably the most widely recognized of Oregon's birds, the American robin is the largest, most abundant, oregon most widespread thrush in the state. Ranging from sea level to treeline, the robin's loud, oregon voice and conspicuous brick-red chest make it unmistakable to thrush the most casual of observers.The Wood Thrush's loud, flute-clear ee-oh-lay song rings through the deciduous forests of the eastern U.S. in summer. This reclusive bird's cinnamon brown upperparts are good camouflage as it scrabbles for leaf-litter invertebrates deep in the forest, though it pops upright frequently to peer about, revealing a boldly spotted white breast. Varied Thrush, Beaverton, Oregon, 27 March by Greg Gillson. Visiting birders to the Pacific Northwest often have Varied Thrush on their "target list" of bird species to see. Fortunately, this species is not rare, and are not difficult to find, if one knows where to look. The haunting songs of the Varied Thrush echo through the dense humid forests of the Pacific Northwest. Long minor-key whistles repeated after deliberate pauses, they seem like sounds without a source; only a careful searcher will find the bird itself. Although it looks superficially like a robin, the Varied Thrush is far more elusive, usually feeding on the ground among dense thickets.
The robin thrives in both human-dominated and natural landscapes and is considered to be a habitat generalist throughout its range. Considering the robin's natural history, we know most about its diet, which comprises primarily of soft invertebrates in the spring and summer and fruit in the fall and winter.